How to find us
The Scan Clinic London East,
635A Cranbrook Road,
Gants Hill IG2 6SX
Call us on:
0203 904 7706
Monday – Saturday 9am – 5pm
Biomarkers Included with the Hepatitis A,B,C Panel blood test
Scroll down for more information about each biomarker
Hepatitis B Surface Antigen – HBsAg
Hep B Surface Antibodies (anti-HBs)
Hepatitis B Core IgG/IgM
Hepatitis C Antibodies – HCV Ab/anti-HCV
Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT)
Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST)
Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP)
About the Hepatitis A,B,C Panel blood test
The hepatitis panel is a group of blood tests that checks whether you have a viral hepatitis infection now or had one in the past. It may also show that you are immune to certain types of hepatitis because you had a vaccination.
Why choose us?
We pride ourselves on providing the best quality service we can which is why we are trusted by GP's, doctors, physiotherapists, midwives and many other healthcare professionals.
Our mission of better quality healthcare for everyone is at the heart of everything we do and drives us to do the best we can for each and every patient that we see. Our team of experts have years of experience and are fully registered and regulated meaning you are in safe hands with us.
Biomarker information for Hepatitis A,B,C Panel blood test
Hepatitis A is a liver infection that is spread in the poo of an infected person. Most people who get it get better within a few months.
The hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) is a protein on the surface of the hepatitis B virus, present in the blood during a hepatitis B virus infection. Checking for this surface antigen helps to identify acute and chronic HBV infections. Positive surface antigen means the virus is present and is infectious.
This test measures antibodies against hepatitis B. The presence of anti-HBs is generally interpreted as indicating recovery and immunity from hepatitis B virus infection. Anti-HBs also develops in a person who has been successfully vaccinated against hepatitis B
The Hepatits B Core (HBc) antibodies test detects both IgM and IgG antibodies. The test for HBc IgM antibodies may be the only markers of a recent hepatitis B infection. A positive or “reactive” Hepatitis B Core IgM result usually indicates a new acute infection. A positive or “reactive” Hepatitis B Core IgG usually indicates a chronic infection.
Hepatitis C antibodies are produced by the body in response to exposure to the hepatitis C virus (HCV). Testing for these antibodies in the blood helps to identify a hepatitis C infection.
Alanine transferase (ALT) is an enzyme predominantly found in the liver. If the liver is damaged, ALT is leaked into the bloodstream therefore it is usually an accurate marker for liver inflammation and can indicate liver damage caused by alcohol, fatty liver, drugs or viruses (hepatitis).
AST (aspartate aminotransferase) is an enzyme that is found mostly in the liver, but it’s also in muscles and other organs in your body. When cells that contain AST are damaged, they release the AST into your blood. The test is commonly used to help diagnose liver damage or disease.
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is an enzyme found mainly in the liver and bones. Measuring it can indicate ongoing liver, gallbladder or bone disease.
Bilirubin is a product of the breakdown of haemoglobin from red blood cells. The liver collects bilirubin from the blood and passes it to the gallbladder which processes and secretes it into the bowel. Bilirubin causes the yellowish colour you sometimes see in bruises, due to red blood cells breaking down underneath the skin.
Gamma GT, also known as gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), is a liver enzyme which is raised in liver and bile duct diseases. It is used in conjunction with ALP to distinguish between bone or liver disease.
Albumin is a protein made mainly in the liver. It helps hold water within the blood, carry nutrients / other substances through the blood, and aid tissue growth for healing. Albumin also carries hormones around the body, therefore measuring the amount of albumin in the blood can help calculate how much hormone is available to your tissues.
Globulin is a term for a group of different proteins that the immune system and liver produce. Certain globulins bind with haemoglobin while others transport metals, such as iron, in the blood. There is a type of globulin known as an immunoglobulin, (another name for an antibody) which helps to fight infection in the body.
Total Protein represents the sum of the proteins albumin and globulin in your blood. Albumin and globulin have a range of functions including keeping blood within vessels, transporting nutrients and fighting infection. Abnormal levels can indicate malnutrition as well as a liver or kidney disorder.
What does the Hepatitis A,B,C Panel blood test involve?
This blood test is just like a standard blood test.
You will be asked to uncover you left or right arm and suitable vein is found. A tourniquet will be placed and tightened around your upper arm allowing the veins to swell and a needle will be placed into your vein. A small quantity of blood is then drawn into tubes. Once the procedure is complete a small plaster will be placed onto the site which can be removed after a few hours.
How do I prepare
- The blood test requires access to the area of interest, therefore, it is recommended to wear loose clothing to facilitate this process.
- No specific preparation is required for this scan.
- We will require details of your GP / Health Care Professional, which may be requested before or at the time of the scan.
- Blood results require interpretation. All results should be interpreted by your regular health care professional / GP.