Endometrial Thickness Ultrasound
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What does the Endometrial Thickness Ultrasound include?
Measure & assess endometrial thickness
Detect presence and position of an intra-uterine contraceptive device (IUCD / IUD / Coil).
A pelvic scan is better suited for certain situations and will be replaced if required - Please speak to customer care team for more information
Reasons for a Endometrial Thickness Ultrasound ..
About the Endometrial Thickness Ultrasound
Endometrial Thickness Ultrasound
The endometrium is a layer of tissues that form the lining of the uterus (womb). It comprises an epithelial layer of the uterus, along with its mucous membrane, which has a functional layer. The lining that thickens and sheds during menstruation is a functional layer of the endometrium. Humans shed endometrium during menstrual cycles. The normal thickness of the endometrium changes throughout a person’s life from childhood through to sexual maturity, fertile years and after menopause.
An endometrial thickness ultrasound examines the appearance and measures the thickness of the womb lining. Examining the womb lining helps your healthcare provider follow the changes within your uterus. Endometrial thickness ultrasound also plays a crucial role in fertility treatment and planning, helping your fertility specialist decide on the type of treatment and medications to use for optimal outcomes.
Changes in endometrial thickness can be due to various disorders, so your doctor might request an endometrial thickness scan to check. Some of the disorders that cause a change in the endometrial thickness range include cancer and pre-cancerous factors like endometrial, ovarian, vaginal and cervical cancers, hormone factors like hyperthyroidism, polycystic ovary syndrome, hypothyroidism and change in birth control pills or menopausal hormone therapy. Fertility and reproduction factors like pregnancy outcomes, ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage, and vaginal and hormonal imbalance can also cause changes in endometrial thickness.
The endometrial thickness ultrasound scan may assess the following;
- The thicknesses of the endometrium
- Appearance of the endometrium
- Assist in fertility treatment
Objective of the Endometrial Thickness Ultrasound
- The endometrial thickness scan provides information relating to the thickness and structure of the endometrium (lining of the womb).
- The endometrial thickness ultrasound is suitable for patients who are undergoing fertility treatment and have been asked to perform the endometrial thickness ultrasound scan by their fertility clinic or have been referred by them to us directly.
Unless you have been otherwise advised by your doctor or fertility clinic, a pelvic ultrasound scan is always recommended in the first instance of investigation. The pelvic ultrasound scan includes the endometrial thickness assessment.
What can the Endometrial Thickness Ultrasound detect?
An endometrial thickness ultrasound is primarily used to evaluate the thickness of the endometrial lining in a woman’s uterus. The endometrial thickness scan can help detect and assess various conditions and situations, including:
An endometrial thickness scan can be used to investigate the cause of irregular menstrual cycles, heavy menstrual bleeding (menorrhagia), or abnormally light periods (oligomenorrhea). It only provides information on the womb lining, and therefore a pelvic ultrasound scan may be needed to examine the uterus and ovaries.
It is used to assess the uterine lining’s thickness and overall health, which can affect fertility. An endometrial thickness ultrasound can help your fertility doctor determine the optimal treatment and timing for implanting an embryo or fertilisation.
In postmenopausal women, any bleeding should be evaluated, as it can be a sign of underlying issues such as endometrial hyperplasia (thickening) or cancer. The scan can help determine the thickness of the endometrium and whether further investigation or biopsy is necessary.
Endometrial polyps and endometrial fibroids can cause abnormal bleeding and may be visualised during an endometrial thickness scan.
Hormone Replacement Therapy Monitoring
For women undergoing hormone replacement therapy (HRT), an endometrial thickness scan may be used to monitor changes in the endometrial lining and ensure it remains healthy.
Evaluation of Coil Placement
Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are contraceptive devices that can affect the endometrial lining. A scan may be performed to confirm proper IUD placement and assess the thickness of the lining.
Evaluation after Surgery or Treatment
After certain uterine surgeries or treatments for conditions like endometrial cancer, an endometrial thickness scan can be used to monitor the healing process and assess any potential complications.
Assessment of Endometrial Cancer
In cases where endometrial cancer is suspected, an endometrial thickness ultrasound may be performed to guide further diagnostic procedures like biopsies.
It’s important to note that while an endometrial thickness scan can provide valuable information, a definitive diagnosis often requires additional tests such as biopsies, hysteroscopy, or other imaging like MRI. The results of the scan are typically interpreted by your doctor in conjunction with the patient’s medical history, symptoms, and other clinical findings to arrive at a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.
Why choose the scan clinic for your Endometrial Thickness Ultrasound
We pride ourselves on providing the best quality service we can which is why we are trusted by GP's, doctors, physiotherapists, midwives and many other healthcare professionals.
Our mission of better quality healthcare for everyone is at the heart of everything we do and drives us to do the best we can for each and every patient that we see. Our team of experts have years of experience and are fully registered and regulated meaning you are in safe hands with us.
Benefits of having the Endometrial Thickness Ultrasound
Getting an endometrial scan has many benefits, some of which include;
Helps with diagnosing various conditions
An endometrial thickness scan is one of the initial scans your doctor will order if they suspect various reproductive health issues. The scan can provide information in order to decide how to best proceed with further investigation of treatment.
Early detection and treatment
Endometrial thickness scans can effectively catch various reproductive health conditions early when they are still easily treatable. Because it doesn’t pose any safety concerns to the patient, a doctor can order the test several times if they suspect something could be wrong.
Fast, effective and minimally invasive
An endometrial thickness ultrasound is a fast and effective way to determine the next steps in the diagnosis process. Different endometrial thicknesses advise your doctor on the next step. Beyond a certain thickness, additional investigation, like a biopsy, might be necessary to rule out the presence of cancer.
The benefits of the scan will change depending on your reason for taking the scan.
Why do I need a Endometrial Thickness Ultrasound
Women can get an endometrial thickness ultrasound for various reasons. Some of the common reasons for getting an endometrial thickness ultrasound include:
Regular health check-up
The endometrium has varying thicknesses throughout the reproductive cycle of females. Taking the scan is one of the ways you can keep track of your reproductive health. Depending on the thickness, your healthcare provider can determine if there are any concerns with your reproductive health.
An endometrial thickness ultrasound can be requested by your doctor as part of a series of tests to diagnose any concerns they might have with your health. The thickness of the endometrium can suggest various concerns like certain disorders, cancers or abnormal growths.
Assisting in fertility
An endometrial thickness scan can help your fertility doctor determine the optimal time for implanting an embryo or fertilisation. The endometrium can present with varying thicknesses, providing varying medical conclusions and indications based on the thickness.
What does the Endometrial Thickness Ultrasound involve?
During the scan, you will be asked to uncover the area being scanned, hence we advise to wear suitable loose clothing and a small amount of ultrasound gel will be placed over your skin.
An ultrasound camera (‘probe’) will then be placed on top and moved along and around the area. This results in a picture appearing on the ultrasound monitor and patient TV which will be translated by the clinical specialist/ medical practitioner.
The ultrasound scan itself usually lasts around 10-15 minutes and is pain-free. At the end of the scan, a verbal summary of the results will be provided, as well as your opportunity to ask any questions.
How do I prepare*
An internal (Transvaginal) scan is recommended or may be mandatory for specific services instead of the scan over your tummy as it often provides greater detail and better information, please ask our customer care team for more information.
For internal scans you do not need to have a full bladder and will be asked to empty your bladder if full. Also please do arrive in clothing that can allow easy and comfortable access to your pelvic area.
- For scans over your tummy (Transabdominal) then we recommend you arrive with a comfortably full bladder. Please drink 0.5 litres of clear fluid approximately 30 minutes or so before your scheduled appointment and kindly try your best not to empty your bladder before the examination.
- Please refer to the patient information guide by clicking here.
Endometrial Thickness Ultrasound FAQ's
How much is an endometrial thickness ultrasound?
An endometrial thickness ultrasound can start from £99. The exact cost of the scan will vary depending on the clinic you visit and the information required during the scan.
When should you have the endometrial lining scan?
If you are undergoing any kind of fertility treatment your fertility doctor will advise you of the best time to perform the endometrial thickness ultrasound.
Otherwise in general the endometrial thickness scan may provide optimal between days 7-14 after the start of your last menstrual cycle.
If you are uncertain speak to your doctor who will advise you.
Does endometrial thickness matter?
Yes, endometrial thickness matters! The normal thickness of the endometrium changes throughout a person’s life from childhood through to sexual maturity, fertile years and after menopause. If the endometrial is too thick a biopsy might be considered as there may be a risk of cancer. Also, the thickness of the endometrium determines the chances of successful implantation in fertility.
What is a normal endometrial thickness on ultrasound?
A normal endometrial thickness ultrasound can vary depending on the stage of the menstrual cycle, a woman’s age, and other factors. Generally, the endometrial thickness will change throughout the menstrual cycle due to hormonal fluctuations. Some general guidelines are:
Reproductive Age Women: For women of reproductive age, the endometrial thickness can vary widely, and what is considered “normal” can differ from person to person. In general, an endometrial thickness of 8-12 mm during the mid-cycle phase is often considered normal, but variations are common.
Postmenopausal Women: In postmenopausal women (those who have not had a menstrual period for at least 12 months), not taking hormone therapy the endometrial lining is typically very thin, often less than 5 mm. A thicker endometrial lining in postmenopausal women may be a cause for concern and require further evaluation to rule out conditions like endometrial hyperplasia or cancer.
What is considered too thick endometrium?
For women of reproductive age, the endometrial thickness can vary widely, and what is considered “normal” can differ from person to person.
In general, however, an endometrial thickness of below 16mm is considered normal at any stage of the menstrual cycle.
More information about the Endometrial Thickness Ultrasound
To find out more about this scan and the areas / organs that are scanned as part of as well as ultrasound in general, you can head over to our knowledge centre by clicking the image or button.
- We will require details of your GP / Health Care Professional, which may be requested before or at the time of the scan.
- This scan requires access to the area of interest; therefore, it is recommended to wear loose clothing to facilitate this process.
- Study images may be available at an additional charge – more information and to request this can be found by clicking here.
- All our first line ultrasound scans are optional. You must be at least 16 years old and you should have no existing medical condition or treatment pending that relates to the scan you are booking. If you are in any doubt about having any type of scan, you should consult your GP.